Acne: myths and realities about treating pimples
Acne is not only annoying, but also raises a lot of questions about what can and can't be done to get rid of it.
It's perfectly normal for a pimple to appear on your face now and again, but if this becomes a frequent occurrence, you need to take a few precautions, as it could be acne. "Acne is a complex process of obstruction, inflammation and infection of the sebaceous glands on the face and skin elsewhere on your body. These are the same glands that produce the sebum that lubricates your skin", explains Abdo Salomão, dermatologist and member of the Brazilian Society of Dermatology. "When they become blocked, these glands become susceptible to inflammation and can be infected by bacteria on the surface of the skin."
According to the dermatologist, there are several types of acne. There may be a variety of causes, and treatment varies according to the stage of the condition. The most common causes are hormonal changes, an inappropriate diet and the improper use of creams or cosmetics. In some cases, there is also a genetic predisposition. Read the most common questions about acne and find out how to spot the myths and realities of this condition.
Acne is hereditary.
This genetic factor is very important and can have a strong influence.
Acne is contagious.
Acne is not contagious and its causes vary from person to person.
Acne increases in the premenstrual period.
± it depends
It does for some people, but not for everyone. However, in general, in patients with this tendency, hormonal factors play a role.
Acne can occur at any age, not just during adolescence.
± it depends
Acne occurs at ages when the sebaceous glands are most active, which can be the case up to the age of 40. However, other types of acne can develop at other ages.
Stress has no impact on acne.
Stress alters the hormonal stimulation of the sebaceous glands, which can make acne worse.
Eating high-fat foods makes acne worse
These foods can affect the production of sebaceous glands and make the situation worse.
Warm weather encourages pimples.
The hotter the weather, the oilier the skin.
Blackheads are caused by pollution.
Blackheads are caused by the oxidation of fatty acids synthesised by the sebaceous glands and not by air quality.
It is important to use products that are suitable for acne-prone skin for your everyday cleansing.
Each skin type requires a particular type of care. In general, you should cleanse the skin with a neutral soap, tone it with an astringent lotion, and finish your routine with a moisturiser. This combination helps to reduce sebum production.